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Acta Bioeng Biomech. 2017;19(4):127-133.

The biomechanical characteristics of elite deaf and hearing female soccer players: comparative analysis.

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Institute of Physical Education, Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Bydgoszcz, Poland.
Institute of Experimental Biology, Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Bydgoszcz, Poland.



The aim of this study was to examine the differences in body composition, strength and power of lower limbs, height of jump measured for the akimbo counter movement jumps, counter movement jump and spike jumps between deaf and hearing elite female soccer players.


Twenty deaf (age: 23.7±5.0 years, hearing loss: 96±13.9 dB) and 25 hearing (age: 20.3±3.8 years) participated in the study. Their WHR and BMI were calculated. Body fat was measured using the BIA method. The maximal power and height of jump were measured by force plate. Biodex dynamometer was used to evaluate isokinetic isometric strength of the hamstrings and quadriceps.


Significant differences between hearing and deaf soccer players in anthropometric values were for the waist and calf circumferences and the WHR index ( p < 0.01, effect size 0.24-0.79). Statistically significant differences were observed for flexion of the lower limb in the knee joint for the relative joint torque and relative power obtained for the angular velocity of 300 degˑs-1 for both lower limbs (p < 0.01, effect size 0.19-0.48) and for 180 degˑs-1 during flexion of the left limb (p = 0.02, effect size 0.13). The hearing female football players developed significantly greater MVC in all the cases. Statistically significant differences between deaf and hearing athletes were found for spike jump for maximal power (1828.6 ± 509.4 W and 2215.2 ± 464.5 W, respectively; p = 0.02, effect size 0.14).


Hearing impairment does not limit the opportunities for development of physical fitness in the population of deaf women.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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