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J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2018 Aug;32(4):1739-1746. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2018.01.032. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

Perioperative Risk Factors Associated With Postoperative Unplanned Intubation After Lung Resection.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, California.
2
Department of Anesthesiology, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, California; Department of Biomedical Informatics, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, California. Electronic address: ragabriel@ucsd.edu.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Postoperative respiratory failure requiring reintubation is associated with a significant increase in mortality. However, perioperative risk factors and their effects on unplanned 30-day reintubation and postoperative outcomes after unplanned reintubation following lung resection are not described well. The aim of this study was to determine whether certain comorbidities, demographic factors, and postoperative outcomes are associated with 30-day reintubation after thoracic surgery.

DESIGN:

This was a retrospective observational study using multivariable logistic regression to identify preoperative risk factors and consequences of unplanned 30-day reintubation.

SETTING:

Multi-institutional, prospective, surgical outcome-oriented database study.

PARTICIPANTS:

Using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database, video-assisted thorascopic surgery and thoracotomy lung resections (lobectomy, wedge resection, segmentectomy, bilobectomy, pneumonectomy) were analyzed by Common Procedural Terminology codes from the years 2007 to 2016 in 16,696 patients undergoing thoracic surgery.

INTERVENTION:

None.

MEASUREMENT AND MAIN RESULTS:

The final analysis included 16,696 patients, of who 593 (3.5%) underwent unplanned reintubation. Among the final study population, 137 (23%) of unplanned intubations occurred within 24 hours postoperatively and the median (25%, 75% quartile) day of reintubation was day 3 (2, 8 days). The final multivariable logistic regression analysis suggested that age, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification score ≥4, dyspnea with moderate exertion and at rest, history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, male sex, smoking, functional dependence, steroid use, open thoracotomies, increased operation time, and preoperative laboratory results (albumin and hematocrit) were associated with unplanned intubation after lung resection (p < 0.05). Unplanned intubation was associated significantly with 30-day mortality, reoperation, postoperative blood transfusion, and increased hospital length of stay (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Nonmodifiable and modifiable preoperative risk factors were associated with increased odds of unplanned reintubation. Patients who experienced unplanned intubation were at considerable risk for 30-day mortality, reoperation, postoperative blood transfusion, and increased hospital length of stay.

KEYWORDS:

intubation; lung resection; perioperative risk factors; postoperative pulmonary complications; preoperative risk factors; thoracic surgery

Comment in

PMID:
29506893
DOI:
10.1053/j.jvca.2018.01.032
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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