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Eur J Protistol. 2018 Apr;63:96-104. doi: 10.1016/j.ejop.2018.02.001. Epub 2018 Feb 15.

Cryptosporidium occultus sp. n. (Apicomplexa: Cryptosporidiidae) in rats.

Author information

1
Biology Centre of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Parasitology, 370 05 České Budějovice, Czech Republic; Faculty of Agriculture, University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice, 370 05 České Budějovice, Czech Republic. Electronic address: kvac@paru.cas.cz.
2
Faculty of Agriculture, University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice, 370 05 České Budějovice, Czech Republic.
3
Biology Centre of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Parasitology, 370 05 České Budějovice, Czech Republic.
4
Biology Centre of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Parasitology, 370 05 České Budějovice, Czech Republic; Faculty of Agriculture, University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice, 370 05 České Budějovice, Czech Republic.
5
Department of Microbiological Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND, USA.

Abstract

Cryptosporidium parvum VF383 has been reported in humans, domesticated ruminants, and wild rats worldwide and described under several names including Cryptosporidium suis-like, based on its close phylogenetic relationship to C. suis. Unlike C. suis, however, it has never been detected in pigs. In the present work, C. parvum VF383 originating from wild brown rats was not infectious for piglets or calves but was infectious for laboratory brown rats, BALB/c mice, and Mongolian gerbils. The prepatent period was 4-5 days for all rodents. The patent period was longer for rats (>30 days) than other rodents (<20 days). None of the rodents developed clinical signs of infection. In all rodents, life cycle stages were detected in the colon by histology and electron microscopy. Oocysts were morphometrically similar to those of C. parvum and smaller than those of C. suis, measuring 5.20 × 4.94 μm. Phylogenetic analyses of 18S rRNA, actin, and HSP70 gene sequences revealed C. parvum VF383 to be genetically distinct from, C. suis, and other described species of Cryptosporidium. Morphological, genetic, and biological data support the establishment of C. parvum VF383 as a new species, and we propose the name Cryptosporidium occultus sp. n.

KEYWORDS:

Histology; Molecular phylogeny; Morphometry; New species; Transmission studies

PMID:
29506004
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejop.2018.02.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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