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New Microbiol. 2018 Jan;41(1):61-66.

Ageing with HIV - a periodontal perspective.

Author information

1
School of Dental Medicine, University of Belgrade, Serbia.
2
School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Serbia.
3
Institute of Physics, University of Belgrade, Serbia.

Abstract

The importance of oral microflora composition in HIV-infected patients is well recognized. However, no studies so far have dealt with age-related changes in periodontal pathogens occurrence in HIV+ individuals. The aim of the present study was to assess and compare temporal changes of bacteria frequency in younger (≤35 years) and older (≥50 years) HIV-infected and non-infected individuals. Bacterial DNA was isolated from buccal swabs of 30 younger and 30 older subjects in both HIV+ and HIV- groups. By means of PCR the following microorganisms were detected: Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Eikenella corrodens, Peptostreptococcus micros, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, Tannerella forsythia and Treponema denticola. Oral and periodontal examinations were performed in all subjects. The prevalence of microorganisms was significantly higher in HIV+ patients compared to controls, and their distribution showed a notable shift. The decreasing incidence in HIV- subjects was: Pi>Pm>Pg>Aa>Ec>Tf>Td whilst in HIV+ it was: Pi>Pm>Ec>Pg>Tf>Aa>Td. Oral manifestations of HIV infection were more frequent in older compared to younger patients. All measured values of clinical periodontal parameters were significantly higher in older compared to younger HIV+ patients. Ageing in HIV+ subjects is accompanied with a substantial increase and rearrangements of periodontal microflora, potentially aggravating oral and systemic health.

KEYWORDS:

Ageing; HIV; Immunosenescence; Oral bacteria

PMID:
29505065
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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