Send to

Choose Destination
Healthc Inform Res. 2018 Jan;24(1):46-52. doi: 10.4258/hir.2018.24.1.46. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

Comparison and Analysis of ISO/IEEE 11073, IHE PCD-01, and HL7 FHIR Messages for Personal Health Devices.

Author information

School of Computer Science and Engineering, College of IT Engineering, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea.



Increasing use of medical devices outside of healthcare facilities inevitably requires connectivity and interoperability between medical devices and healthcare information systems. To this end, standards have been developed and used to provide interoperability between personal health devices (PHDs) and external systems. ISO/IEEE 11073 standards and IHE PCD-01 standard messages have been used the most in the exchange of observation data of health devices. Recently, transmitting observation data using the HL7 FHIR standard has been devised in the name of DoF (Devices on FHIR) and adopted very fast. We compare and analyze these standards and suggest that which standard will work best at the different environments of device usage.


We generated each message/resource of the three standards for observed vital signs from blood pressure monitor and thermometer. Then, the size, the contents, and the exchange processes of these messages are compared and analyzed.


ISO/IEEE 11073 standard message has the smallest data size, but it has no ability to contain the key information, patient information. On the other hand, PCD-01 messages and FHIR standards have the fields for patient information. HL7 DoF standards provide reusing of information unit known as resource, and it is relatively easy to parse DoF messages since it uses widely known XML and JSON.


ISO/IEEE 11073 standards are suitable for devices having very small computing power. IHE PCD-01 and HL7 DoF messages can be used for the devices that need to be connected to hospital information systems that require patient information. When information reuse is frequent, DoF is advantageous over PCD-01.


HL7 FHIR; Health Information Interoperability; IHE PCD-01; ISO/IEEE 11073; Personal Health Devices

Conflict of interest statement

Conflict of Interest: No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Korean Society of Medical Informatics Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center