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J Reprod Dev. 2018 Apr 13;64(2):161-171. doi: 10.1262/jrd.2018-005. Epub 2018 Mar 2.

Peroxiredoxin as a functional endogenous antioxidant enzyme in pronuclei of mouse zygotes.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Molecular Developmental Biology, Graduate School of Biology-Oriented Science and Technology, Kindai University, Wakayama 649-6493, Japan.
2
The Asada Institute for Reproductive Medicine, Asada Ladies Clinic, Kasugai, Aichi 486-0931, Japan.
3
RIKEN BioResource Center, Ibaraki 305-0074, Japan.
4
Medical Research Council Clinical Sciences Centre, Imperial College London, London W12 0NN, UK.
5
Institute of Advanced Technology, Kindai University, Wakayama 642-0017, Japan.

Abstract

Antioxidant mechanisms to adequately moderate levels of endogenous reactive oxygen species (ROS) are important for oocytes and embryos to obtain and maintain developmental competence, respectively. Immediately after fertilization, ROS levels in zygotes are elevated but the antioxidant mechanisms during the maternal-to-zygotic transition (MZT) are not well understood. First, we identified peroxiredoxin 1 (PRDX1) and PRDX2 by proteomics analysis as two of the most abundant endogenous antioxidant enzymes eliminating hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). We here report the cellular localization of hyperoxidized PRDX and its involvement in the antioxidant mechanisms of freshly fertilized oocytes. Treatment of zygotes at the pronuclear stage with H2O2 enhanced pronuclear localization of hyperoxidized PRDX in zygotes and concurrently impaired the generation of 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) on the male genome, which is an epigenetic reprogramming event that occurs at the pronuclear stage. Thus, our results suggest that endogenous PRDX is involved in antioxidant mechanisms and epigenetic reprogramming during MZT.

KEYWORDS:

Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2); Mouse; Peroxiredoxin (PRDX); Zygotes

PMID:
29503398
PMCID:
PMC5902904
DOI:
10.1262/jrd.2018-005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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