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Neurol India. 2018 Mar-Apr;66(Supplement):S90-S101. doi: 10.4103/0028-3886.226438.

Deep brain stimulation for movement disorders.

Author information

1
Comprehensive Care Centre for Movement Disorders, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India.

Abstract

Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) was introduced into clinical practice nearly four decades ago and is currently the standard of care for patients with Parkinson's disease experiencing motor complications. Apart from this, it has several other established and emerging applications in movement disorders. The exact mechanisms by which DBS provides relief in movement disorders are still unclear; disruption of pathological neuronal synchrony and abnormal information flow through the neuronal circuits involved, are the most likely underlying mechanisms. DBS has been established to be a relatively safe procedure if patients are carefully selected and followed up by experienced multidisciplinary teams. Alternatives to the traditional stereotactic frame based techniques of lead implantation are emerging, and these, along with the other recent technological advances, are likely to extend the availability of this therapy to an increasing number of patients in the future.

KEYWORDS:

Deep Brain Stimulation; Parkinson's disease; dystonia; movement disorders

PMID:
29503331
DOI:
10.4103/0028-3886.226438
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