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Int J Surg. 2018 Apr;52:264-268. doi: 10.1016/j.ijsu.2018.02.056. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

Metabolic syndrome 2 years after laparoscopic gastric bypass.

Author information

1
The Obesity Clinic at Hospital General Tláhuac, Avenida la Turba # 655, Col. Villa Centroamericana y del Caribe, Delegación Tláhuac, México City, Zip 13250, Mexico. Electronic address: lizbethgv@yahoo.com.
2
The Obesity Clinic at Hospital General Tláhuac, Avenida la Turba # 655, Col. Villa Centroamericana y del Caribe, Delegación Tláhuac, México City, Zip 13250, Mexico. Electronic address: crismichelort10@hotmail.com.
3
The Obesity Clinic at Hospital General Tláhuac, Avenida la Turba # 655, Col. Villa Centroamericana y del Caribe, Delegación Tláhuac, México City, Zip 13250, Mexico. Electronic address: drespinosa.cirugia@gmail.com.
4
The Obesity Clinic at Hospital General Tláhuac, Avenida la Turba # 655, Col. Villa Centroamericana y del Caribe, Delegación Tláhuac, México City, Zip 13250, Mexico. Electronic address: draelisasepulveda@gmail.com.
5
The Obesity Clinic at Hospital General Tláhuac, Avenida la Turba # 655, Col. Villa Centroamericana y del Caribe, Delegación Tláhuac, México City, Zip 13250, Mexico. Electronic address: dratapioca@gmail.com.
6
The Obesity Clinic at Hospital General Tláhuac, Avenida la Turba # 655, Col. Villa Centroamericana y del Caribe, Delegación Tláhuac, México City, Zip 13250, Mexico. Electronic address: drpauljoomarquez@gmail.com.
7
The Obesity Clinic at Hospital General Tláhuac, Avenida la Turba # 655, Col. Villa Centroamericana y del Caribe, Delegación Tláhuac, México City, Zip 13250, Mexico. Electronic address: obesidadtlahuac@gmail.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The latest diabetes consensus identified obesity as key component of the metabolic syndrome. The role of bariatric surgery over such syndrome has been less explored with a lack of long term studies, and especially among Mexicans.

METHODS:

Retrospective study including patients with metabolic syndrome submitted to laparoscopic gastric bypass at a single institution with complete data after 24 months. The objective was to analyze the improvement of the syndrome and each component. Demographic, anthropometric, biochemical and clinical parameters were analyzed at 12 and 24 months. Secondarily weight loss and other parameters were also analyzed. Finally, an analysis of syndrome improvement related to weight loss was performed.

RESULTS:

Sixty-three patients were included. The 2 most common components associated with obesity were reduced HDL and raised glucose or Type 2 diabetes. There was a significant improvement of metabolic syndrome and its components, as well as for the rest of the analyzed data, from the first check point and throughout follow-up. Prevalence of such syndrome was 6.3% at 12 and 24 months. Hypertension and raised glucose or Type 2 diabetes were the components with the greatest and fastest improvement; HDL levels and obesity were the least improved. There was a direct relationship between percentage of excess weight loss or percentage of excess BMI loss, and syndrome's improvement.

CONCLUSION:

Patients with metabolic syndrome improved after gastric bypass, with results lasting after 2 years; other metabolic parameters important for cardiovascular risk were also positively affected. There was a relationship between the amount of weight loss and improvement of metabolic syndrome.

KEYWORDS:

Bariatric surgery; Hispanic; Hypertension; Laparoscopic gastric bypass; Latino; Metabolic syndrome; Mexican; Obesity; Type 2 diabetes mellitus

PMID:
29501798
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijsu.2018.02.056
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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