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Ocul Surf. 2018 Apr;16(2):259-264. doi: 10.1016/j.jtos.2018.02.003. Epub 2018 Mar 6.

Comparison of long-term results between osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis and tibial bone keratoprosthesis.

Author information

1
Centro de Oftalmología Barraquer, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain; Institut Universitari Barraquer, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
2
Centro de Oftalmología Barraquer, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain; Institut Universitari Barraquer, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: ralphm@barraquer.com.
3
Centro de Oftalmología Barraquer, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To compare the anatomical and the functional results between osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis (OOKP) and keratoprosthesis using tibial bone autograft (Tibial bone KPro).

METHODS:

We reviewed the charts of 258 patients; 145 had OOKP whereas 113 had Tibial bone KPro implanted. Functional success was defined as best corrected visual acuity ≥0.05 on decimal scale and anatomical success as retention of the keratoprosthesis lamina. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were calculated for anatomical and functional survival as well as to estimate the probability of post-op complications.

RESULTS:

The anatomical survival for both KPro groups was not significantly different and was estimated as 67% for OOKP and 54% for Tibial bone KPro at 10 years after surgery. There was also no difference found after subdividing for primary diagnosis groups such as chemical injury, thermal burn, trachoma and all autoimmune cases combined. Estimated functional survival at 10 years post-surgery was 49% for OOKP and 25% for Tibial bone KPro, which was significantly different. The probability of patients with Tibial bone KPro developing one or more post-operative complications at 10 years after surgery (65%) was significantly higher than those with OOKP (40%). Mucous membrane necrosis and retroprosthetic membrane formation were more common in Tibial bone KPro than OOKP.

CONCLUSION:

Both types of autologous biological KPro, OOKP and Tibial bone KPro, had statistically similar rate of keratoprosthesis extrusion. Although functional success rate was significantly higher in OOKP, it may have been influenced by a better visual potential in the patients in this group.

KEYWORDS:

Anatomical results; Autologous biological keratoprosthesis; Complications; Functional results; Osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis; Tibial bone keratoprosthesis

PMID:
29501483
DOI:
10.1016/j.jtos.2018.02.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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