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Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2018 May;28(5):470-476. doi: 10.1016/j.numecd.2018.01.011. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

Association between habitual coffee consumption and metabolic syndrome in type 1 diabetes.

Author information

1
Folkhälsan Institute of Genetics, Folkhälsan Research Center, Helsinki, Finland; Abdominal Center Nephrology, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland; Research Programs Unit, Diabetes and Obesity, University of Helsinki, Finland.
2
Folkhälsan Institute of Genetics, Folkhälsan Research Center, Helsinki, Finland; Abdominal Center Nephrology, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland; Research Programs Unit, Diabetes and Obesity, University of Helsinki, Finland; Diabetes Prevention Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland.
3
Folkhälsan Institute of Genetics, Folkhälsan Research Center, Helsinki, Finland; Abdominal Center Nephrology, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland; Research Programs Unit, Diabetes and Obesity, University of Helsinki, Finland; Department of Diabetes, Central Clinical School, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address: per-henrik.groop@helsinki.fi.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:

In the general population, habitual coffee consumption is inversely associated with the metabolic syndrome, a syndrome that is rather common also in patients with type 1 diabetes. However, whether coffee intake is beneficially related to the metabolic syndrome also in type 1 diabetes, is not known. We, therefore, studied the potential association between coffee consumption and the metabolic syndrome in a large population of individuals with type 1 diabetes. Furthermore, we investigated whether coffee consumption is associated with insulin resistance (estimated glucose disposal rate, eGDR), kidney function (estimated glomerular filtration rate, eGFR), and low-grade chronic inflammation (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, hsCRP).

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Data from 1040 participants in the Finnish Diabetic Nephropathy Study were included in these cross-sectional analyses. Metabolic syndrome was assumed if at least 3 of the following cardiovascular risk factors were present: central obesity, high blood pressure, low HDL-cholesterol concentration, high triglyceride concentration, and hyperglycaemia. Subjects were categorized based on self-reported daily coffee intake: non-consumers (<1 cup/d), low (≥1 cups/d < 3), moderate (≥3 cups/d < 5), and high coffee consumption (≥5 cups/d). In multivariable logistic regression analysis, moderate and high coffee consumption was associated with increased odds of the metabolic syndrome. Moreover, any level of coffee consumption was associated with increased risk of the blood pressure-component. An increasing trend was observed in the eGFR with increasing coffee consumption.

CONCLUSIONS:

In type 1 diabetes, high coffee intake is associated with the metabolic syndrome, and especially its blood pressure-component.

KEYWORDS:

Coffee consumption; Insulin resistance; Metabolic syndrome; Renal function; Type 1 diabetes

PMID:
29501444
DOI:
10.1016/j.numecd.2018.01.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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