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Int J Public Health. 2018 Jul;63(6):733-742. doi: 10.1007/s00038-018-1085-7. Epub 2018 Mar 2.

Marketing techniques in television advertisements of food and drinks directed at children in Spain, 2012.

Author information

1
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain. karimenleonf@gmail.com.
2
National School of Public Health, Institute of Health Carlos III, Madrid, Spain.
3
Department of Applied Epidemiology, National Center of Epidemiology, Institute of Health Carlos III, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To analyse marketing techniques used in television advertisements of food and drinks (AFDs) directed to children, and their nutritional quality.

METHODS:

This is a cross-sectional study of television AFDs directed to children in Spain over 7 days in 2012. Primary appeal, persuasive and nutritional marketing techniques, and links to Internet were registered. The foods were classified according to their nutritional quality using an international codification system and the UK nutrient profile model. Frequency of AFDs using marketing techniques and percentages for unhealthy products were calculated.

RESULTS:

Taste and fun were the main primary appeals used. Persuasive and nutritional marketing techniques and links to Internet were used in 61%, 68.5% and 65.2% of AFDs, respectively. These techniques were more common during weekdays, enhanced protection time slots and on channels with particular appeal to children. More than two-thirds of AFDs using these techniques were for unhealthy products, reaching 96.2% of AFDs with premium offers and gifts.

CONCLUSIONS:

There is an extensive use of marketing techniques in television AFDs directed to children in Spain. Most products advertised were unhealthy, so stronger governmental regulations are required.

KEYWORDS:

Children; Food advertising; Food marketing; Marketing techniques; Television

PMID:
29500473
DOI:
10.1007/s00038-018-1085-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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