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World Neurosurg. 2018 May;113:e638-e649. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2018.02.112. Epub 2018 Feb 28.

Percutaneous Transforaminal Endoscopic Discectomy for the Treatment of Lumbar Disc Herniation in Obese Patients: Health-Related Quality of Life Assessment in a 2-Year Follow-Up.

Author information

1
Spine Department and Deformities, Interbalkan European Medical Center, Thessaloniki, Greece. Electronic address: stkapetanakis@yahoo.gr.
2
Spine Department and Deformities, Interbalkan European Medical Center, Thessaloniki, Greece.
3
First Orthopedic Department of Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Papanikolaou Hospital, Exohi, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy (PTED) is a minimally invasive surgical technique used principally for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation (LDH). LDH is a frequent spinal ailment in obese individuals. The aim of this prospectively designed study was to assess for the first time in the literature the impact of PTED in postoperative parameters of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in obese patients with LDH within a 2-year follow-up period, to further evaluate the effectiveness of PTED.

METHODS:

Patients with surgically treatable LDH were divided into 2 groups. Group A constituted 20 obese patients, and group B was composed of 10 patients with normal body mass index (BMI). A visual analog scale was used for pain evaluation, and the Short Form SF-36 Medical Survey Questionnaire contributed to HRQoL assessment. Follow-up was conducted preoperatively and at 6 weeks and 3, 6, 12, and 24 months postoperatively.

RESULTS:

Two of the 20 patients (10%) presented with severe postoperative pain, necessitating conventional microdiscectomy. All studied parameters exhibited maximal improvement at 6 months in group A and at 6 weeks in group B, with subsequent stabilization. Obese patients scored lower in all parameters compared with their healthy counterparts with normal BMI, acquiring a less favorable clinical benefit.

CONCLUSIONS:

PTED appears to be a generally safe and effective method for treating obese patients with LDH. However, major technical challenges that lead to a higher frequency of complications, as well as the lesser acquired clinical benefit, in obese patients may contribute to the further consideration for PTED in specific obese patients, especially on the grounds of low surgical experience.

KEYWORDS:

Minimally invasive spine surgery; Obesity; Original article; PTED; Quality of life; SF-36 questionnaire

PMID:
29499422
DOI:
10.1016/j.wneu.2018.02.112
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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