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GMS J Med Educ. 2018 Feb 15;35(1):Doc15. doi: 10.3205/zma001162. eCollection 2018.

How could the topic patient safety be embedded in the curriculum? A recommendation by the Committee for Patient Safety and Error Management of the GMA.

Author information

Klinikum der LMU München, Institut für Didaktik und Ausbildungsforschung in der Medizin, Munich, Germany.
Munich Municipal Hospital Group, Schwabing Hospital, Paediatric Surgery Department, Munich, Germany.
Albert-Ludwigs University of Freiburg, Medical psychology and sociology, Freiburg, Germany.
Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Institute for Emergency Medicine and Management in Medicine (INM), Munich, Germany.
Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Department of Anaesthesiology, Munich, Germany.
University Hospital Bonn, Institute for Patient Safety, Bonn, Germany.


in English, German

The topic of patient safety is of fundamental interest for the health care sector. In view of the realisation of the National Competence-Based Learning Objectives Catalogue for Undergraduate Medical Education (NKLM) this topic now has to be prepared for medical education. For a disciplinary and content-related orientation the GMA Committee developed the Learning Objectives Catalogue Patient Safety for Undergraduate Medical Education (GMA-LZK). To ensure an optimal implementation of the GMA-LZK we recommend a longitudinal embedding into the existing curriculum. This position paper supports the implementation of the GMA-LZK and is aimed at everyone who wants to establish teaching courses on the topic patient safety and embed them in the curriculum. In light of this, we will initially describe the key features for a structured analysis of the current situation. Based on three best-practice-examples, as seen in the faculties of Freiburg, Bonn and Munich, different approaches to the implementation of the GMA-LZK will be illustrated. Lastly, we will outline the methodical requirements regarding the curriculum development as well as the disciplinary and methodical competences that the lecturers will have to hold or develop to fulfil the requirements.


competences; curriculum development; learning objectives; medical education; patient safety

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