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Curr Opin Psychol. 2018 Feb 14;25:6-10. doi: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.02.006. [Epub ahead of print]

Attachment orientations and emotion regulation.

Author information

1
Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzliya, Israel. Electronic address: mario@idc.ac.il.
2
University of California, Davis, USA.

Abstract

According to attachment theory, individual differences in the availability and responsiveness of close relationship partners, beginning in infancy, and the resulting formation of fairly stable attachment orientations are crucial for understanding the ways people experience and regulate emotions. In this article, we review what has been learned during the last decade about attachment-related individual differences in emotion regulation. We begin with a brief account of the hypothesized links between different forms of attachment insecurity (anxiety, avoidance) and strategies people use in regulating distress and coping with threatening events. We then review findings from correlational and experimental studies showing that individual differences in attachment orientation are reflected in cognitive, behavioral, and neural patterns of emotion regulation.

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