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Physiol Plant. 2018 Oct;164(2):226-240. doi: 10.1111/ppl.12713. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

Study of the beneficial effects of green light on lettuce grown under short-term continuous red and blue light-emitting diodes.

Author information

1
School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Science, Brackenhurst Campus, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, NG25 0QF, UK.
2
Institute of Environment of Sustainable Development in Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Agriculture Sciences, Beijing, 100081, China.

Abstract

Red and blue light are the most important light spectra for driving photosynthesis to produce adequate crop yield. It is also believed that green light may contribute to adaptations to growth. However, the effects of green light, which can trigger specific and necessary responses of plant growth, have been underestimated in the past. In this study, lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) was exposed to different continuous light (CL) conditions for 48 h by a combination of red and blue light-emitting diodes (LEDs) supplemented with or without green LEDs, in an environmental-controlled growth chamber. Green light supplementation enhanced photosynthetic capacity by increasing net photosynthetic rates, maximal photochemical efficiency, electron transport for carbon fixation (JPSII ) and chlorophyll content in plants under the CL treatment. Green light decreased malondialdehyde and H2 O2 accumulation by increasing the activities of superoxide dismutase (EC 1.15.1.1) and ascorbate peroxidase (EC 1.11.1.11) after 24 h of CL. Supplemental green light significantly increased the expression of photosynthetic genes LHCb and PsbA from 6 to 12 h, and these gene expressions were maintained at higher levels than those under other light conditions between 12 and 24 h. However, a notable downregulation of both LHCb and PsbA was observed during 24 to 48 h. These results indicate that the effects of green light on lettuce plant growth, via enhancing activity of particular components of antioxidative enzyme system and promoting of LHCb and PsbA expression to maintain higher photosynthetic capacity, alleviated a number of the negative effects caused by CL.

PMID:
29493775
DOI:
10.1111/ppl.12713
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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