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Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2018 Oct;27(10):1361-1372. doi: 10.1007/s00787-018-1130-3. Epub 2018 Feb 28.

The impact of psychological problems and adverse life events on suicidal ideation among adolescents using nationwide data of a school-based mental health screening test in Korea.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Anyang, South Korea.
2
Hallym University Suicide and School Mental Health Institute, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, 22 Gwanpyeong-ro 170beon-gil, Dongan-gu, Anyang, 14068, South Korea.
3
Department of Psychiatry, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Anyang, South Korea. honghj88@gmail.com.
4
Hallym University Suicide and School Mental Health Institute, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, 22 Gwanpyeong-ro 170beon-gil, Dongan-gu, Anyang, 14068, South Korea. honghj88@gmail.com.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the risk factors for suicidal ideation in adolescents by gender and age. This study used 2013 nationwide school-based mental health screening test data from 591,303 seventh grade students and 618,271 tenth grade students in Korea. Suicidal ideation, four psychological problems, and three adverse life events were evaluated using the Adolescents Mental Health and Problem Behavior Screening Questionnaire-II. Of all students, 12.9-14.7% of the boys and 17.1-23.2% of the girls had suicidal ideation. Mood had the greatest impact on the risk for suicidal ideation and other factors also significantly increased the risk of suicidal ideation. Distractibility was positively related to suicidal ideation only in seventh grade students and behavioral problems increased suicidal ideation more in girls than in boys. Violence constituted the most powerful factor for suicidal ideation among the events; however, bullying constituted the most important event that increased suicidal ideation in seventh grade girls. All factors except 'Distractibility' increased the risk of severe suicidal ideation. The risk factors for suicidal ideation in adolescents differed by gender and age. Interventions should be made according to these characteristics to reduce suicidal ideation in adolescents.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescent; Age; Gender; Risk factors; Suicidal ideation

PMID:
29492646
DOI:
10.1007/s00787-018-1130-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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