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Cell Rep. 2018 Feb 27;22(9):2359-2369. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2018.02.018.

A Drosophila Model of Intellectual Disability Caused by Mutations in the Histone Demethylase KDM5.

Author information

1
Department of Genetics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, NY 10461, USA.
2
Dominick P. Purpura Department of Neuroscience, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1410 Pelham Parkway South, Bronx, NY 10461, USA.
3
Department of Genetics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, NY 10461, USA; Dominick P. Purpura Department of Neuroscience, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1410 Pelham Parkway South, Bronx, NY 10461, USA. Electronic address: julie.secombe@einstein.yu.edu.

Abstract

Mutations in KDM5 family histone demethylases cause intellectual disability in humans. However, the molecular mechanisms linking KDM5-regulated transcription and cognition remain unknown. Here, we establish Drosophila as a model to understand this connection by generating a fly strain harboring an allele analogous to a disease-causing missense mutation in human KDM5C (kdm5A512P). Transcriptome analysis of kdm5A512P flies revealed a striking downregulation of genes required for ribosomal assembly and function and a concomitant reduction in translation. kdm5A512P flies also showed impaired learning and/or memory. Significantly, the behavioral and transcriptional changes in kdm5A512P flies were similar to those specifically lacking demethylase activity. These data suggest that the primary defect of the KDM5A512P mutation is a loss of histone demethylase activity and reveal an unexpected role for this enzymatic function in gene activation. Because translation is critical for neuronal function, we propose that this defect contributes to the cognitive defects of kdm5A512P flies.

KEYWORDS:

H3K4me3; KDM5; Lid; chromatin; cognition; intellectual disability; ribosome; transcription

PMID:
29490272
PMCID:
PMC5854480
DOI:
10.1016/j.celrep.2018.02.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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