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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1987 Jan 20;923(1):109-15.

Stabilization of phosphofructokinase with sugars during freeze-drying: characterization of enhanced protection in the presence of divalent cations.

Abstract

Phosphofructokinase purified from rabbit skeletal muscle is fully inactivated after freeze-drying and dissolution. The addition of trehalose or maltose to the enzyme solution prior to freeze-drying results in a recovery of up to 80% of the original activity. Slightly less stabilization is imparted by sucrose, whereas glucose and galactose at concentrations up to 500 mM are relatively ineffective at protecting phosphofructokinase. Addition of ionic zinc to enzyme-sugar mixtures prior to freeze-drying greatly enhances the stabilization imparted by the above sugars. This effect is not simply due to the summation of the individual protective capacities of zinc and the sugar. Zinc alone affords no protection, but a high degree of stabilization is achieved when zinc is added to a sugar solution, even when the sugar is at a concentration at which, by itself, it is totally ineffective. In the presence of a constant sugar concentration (100 mM), freeze-dry stabilization of phosphofructokinase is increased as the concentration of zinc is increased. When the zinc concentration is held constant (0.9 mM) and the sugar concentration varied, the maximum stabilization is noted with less than 200 mM sugar. At higher solute concentrations the degree of enhancement decreases such that with 500 mM sugar the addition of zinc results in only a slight increase in protection. Several other organic solutes (proline, 4-hydroxyproline, glycine, trimethylamine N-oxide, glycerol and myo-inositol) that afford cryoprotection to phosphofructokinase, an effect enhanced by the addition of zinc, do not stabilize the enzyme during freeze-drying, even if zinc is present. The addition of ionic copper, cadmium, nickel, cobalt, calcium and manganese to trehalose-phosphofructokinase solutions prior to freeze-drying also increases the percentage of activity recovered after dissolution. Magnesium is ineffective in this respect.

PMID:
2948571
DOI:
10.1016/0304-4165(87)90133-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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