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J Acupunct Meridian Stud. 2018 Feb;11(1):1-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.11.002. Epub 2017 Dec 2.

Patterns of Energy Imbalance of the Meridians in Patients with Temporomandibular Dysfunction.

Author information

1
Department of Social Dentistry of the Piracicaba Dental School, State University of Campinas, Av. Limeira, 901 - Areão, CEP: 13414-903, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: vera.rasera@hotmail.com.
2
Department of Social Dentistry of the Piracicaba Dental School, State University of Campinas, Av. Limeira, 901 - Areão, CEP: 13414-903, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: gricag@hotmail.com.
3
Department of Social Dentistry of the Piracicaba Dental School, State University of Campinas, Av. Limeira, 901 - Areão, CEP: 13414-903, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: lubressiani@ig.com.br.
4
Department of Social Dentistry of the Piracicaba Dental School, State University of Campinas, Av. Limeira, 901 - Areão, CEP: 13414-903, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: ronaldoswada@gmail.com.
5
Brazilian Medical College of Acupuncture, Rua Itapeva, 574, CJ. 71 A, Bela Vista, CEP: 01332-000, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: satoclin@yahoo.com.br.
6
Department of Social Dentistry of the Piracicaba Dental School, State University of Campinas, Av. Limeira, 901 - Areão, CEP: 13414-903, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: luzsousa@fop.unicamp.br.

Abstract

Temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD) is a set of changes that affects the muscles of mastication, temporomandibular joint, teeth, and associated periodontal and orofacial structures. According to Traditional Chinese Medicine, the imbalance of energy (Qi) circulating in the acupuncture meridians is always the primary etiologic cause of any physical manifestation. The aim of this study was to describe the patterns of Qi imbalance in patients with TMD by means of an objective measurement. The clinical study was conducted at the Piracicaba Dental School (FOP/Unicamp), in Piracicaba-SP, Brazil. We evaluated 40 adult volunteers with TMD. The Qi measurement was carried out by the researcher using the Ryodoraku method using 24 points representing the 12 acupuncture meridians: LU9 (Taiyuan), PC7 (Daling), HT7 (Shemen), SI5 (Yanggu), TE4 (Yangchi), LI5 (Yangxi), SP3 (Taibai), LR3 (Taichong), KI3 (Taixi), BL64 (Jinggu), GB40 (Qiuxu), and ST42 (Chongyang). The average total Qi of 40 volunteers (21.7 μA ± 1.5), was below the normal range (40-60 μA) and was classified as deficiency of Qi (empty). The coupled meridians that showed the highest Qi imbalance were the kidney (29.4 μA ± 2.8) and bladder (13.8 μA ± 1). The Qi planes with greatest imbalance were the Shao Yang and Shao Yin. In conclusion, volunteers with TMD presented a pattern of Qi deficiency, and the most prevalent imbalance patterns identified were in the kidney and bladder coupled meridians and in the energetic planes Shao Yin (heart/kidney) and Shao Yang (triple energizer/gall bladder).

KEYWORDS:

acupuncture points; dentistry; meridians; temporomandibular joint; temporomandibular joint disorders

PMID:
29482796
DOI:
10.1016/j.jams.2017.11.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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