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Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2018 Jun 8;84(Pt A):140-151. doi: 10.1016/j.pnpbp.2018.02.011. Epub 2018 Feb 23.

Development-related aberrations in Kv1.1 α-subunit exert disruptive effects on bioelectrical activities of neurons in a mouse model of fragile X syndrome.

Author information

1
Institute of Neuroscience and the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China; Key Laboratory of Neurogenetics and Channelopathies of the Ministry of Education of China, Guangzhou, China; Department of Neurology, Guangzhou Red Cross Hospital, Medical College, Jinan University, Guangzhou, China.
2
Institute of Neuroscience and the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China; Key Laboratory of Neurogenetics and Channelopathies of the Ministry of Education of China, Guangzhou, China.
3
Institute of Neuroscience and the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China; Key Laboratory of Neurogenetics and Channelopathies of the Ministry of Education of China, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address: su@gzneurosci.com.

Abstract

Kv1.1, a Shaker homologue potassium channel, plays a critical role in homeostatic regulation of neuronal excitability. Aberrations in the functional properties of Kv1.1 have been implicated in several neurological disorders featured by neuronal hyperexcitability. Fragile X syndrome (FXS), the most common form of inherited mental retardation, is characterized by hyperexcitability in neural network and intrinsic membrane properties. The Kv1.1 channel provides an intriguing mechanistic candidate for FXS. We investigated the development-related expression pattern of the Kv1.1 α-subunit by using a Fmr1 knockout (KO) mouse model of FXS. Markedly decreased protein expression of Kv1.1 was found in neonatal and adult stages when compared to age-matched wild-type (WT) mice. Immunohistochemical investigations supported the delayed development-related increases in Kv1.1 expression, especially in CA3 pyramidal neurons. By applying a Kv1.1-specific blocker, dendrotoxin-κ (DTX-κ), we isolated the Kv1.1-mediated currents in the CA3 pyramidal neurons. The isolated DTX-κ-sensitive current of neurons from KO mice exhibited decreased amplitude, lower threshold of activation, and faster recovery from inactivation. The equivalent reduction in potassium current in the WT neurons following application of the appropriate amount of DTX-κ reproduced the enhanced firing abilities of KO neurons, suggesting the Kv1.1 channel as a critical contributor to the hyperexcitability of KO neurons. The role of Kv1.1 in controlling neuronal discharges was further supported by the parallel developmental trajectories of Kv1.1 expression, current amplitude, and discharge impacts, with a significant correlation between the amplitude of Kv1.1-mediated currents and Kv1.1-blocking-induced firing enhancement. These data suggest that the expression of the Kv1.1 α-subunit has a profound pathological relevance to hyperexcitability in FXS, as well as implications for normal development, maintenance, and control of neuronal activities.

KEYWORDS:

Excitability; Fragile X syndrome; Kv1.1; Spiking

PMID:
29481897
DOI:
10.1016/j.pnpbp.2018.02.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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