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Brain Res. 2018 May 15;1687:20-31. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2018.02.030. Epub 2018 Feb 23.

Enriched environment promotes post-stroke neurogenesis through NF-κB-mediated secretion of IL-17A from astrocytes.

Author information

1
Department of Critical Care Medicine, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430022, China; Institute of Anesthesia and Critical Care Medicine, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430022, China.
2
Department of Critical Care Medicine, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430022, China; Department of Anesthesiology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430022, China; Institute of Anesthesia and Critical Care Medicine, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430022, China.
3
Department of Critical Care Medicine, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430022, China; Institute of Anesthesia and Critical Care Medicine, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430022, China. Electronic address: yuan_shiying@163.com.
4
Department of Critical Care Medicine, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430022, China; Institute of Anesthesia and Critical Care Medicine, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430022, China. Electronic address: zhjcheng1@126.com.

Abstract

Enriched environment (EE) has been shown to promote post-stroke neurogenesis and functional recovery. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remains poorly understood. Male C57BL/6 mice underwent 60-min middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) followed by reperfusion, after which mice were housed in either standard environment (SE) or EE. We found that post-ischemic EE exhibited reduced protein level of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB)/p65 in cytoplasm and increased its expression correspondingly in nucleus at 28 days post-ischemia (dpi). However, post-ischemic EE had no effects on terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase biotin-dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL)-positive cells in ischemic hemisphere at 28dpi. EE mice treated with NF-kB inhibitor Bay11-7082 had decreased subventricular zone (SVZ) neural precursor cells (NPCs) proliferation, neuronal differentiation and subsequent functional recovery after stroke at 28dpi. Bay11-7082 treatment attenuated the promoting effects of post-ischemic EE on interleukin 17A (IL-17A) messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein expression at 28dpi. Furthermore, our in vitro data revealed that in primary astrocyte cultures addition of Bay11-7082 markedly decreased the expression of IL-17A in both the cell lysate and culture supernatant of activated astrocytes. Blockade of IL-17A with neutralizing antibody abrogated the promoting role of EE in NPCs proliferation derived from SVZ, neuronal differentiation and subsequent functional recovery after stroke. Thus, our results reveal a previously uncharacterized property of NF-κB/IL-17A signaling pathway in EE-mediated neurogenesis and functional recovery after ischemic stroke.

KEYWORDS:

Astrocytes; Environmental enrichment; IL-17A; Ischemic stroke; Nuclear factor kappa B

PMID:
29481794
DOI:
10.1016/j.brainres.2018.02.030
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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