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Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S111-S114.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of South Khorasan, Iran.

Author information

Psychosomatic Medicine Research Center, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Department of Mental Health, Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran, Tehran, Iran.
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.
Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.
Department of Biostatistics, Paramedical School, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Research Center for Addiction and Risky Behaviors (ReCARB), Psychiatric Department, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Psychiatric Research Center, Roozbeh Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran.
Responsible Expertise of Mental Health in South Khorasan Provincial Health Center, South Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.



This research aims to determine the mental health status of population aged 15 and over in the province of South Khorasan in 2015.


The statistical population of this cross-sectional field survey consisted of residents of urban and rural areas of South Khorasan in Iran. Through systematic random cluster sampling, 1200 individuals were selected from the residents of urban and rural areas of Birjand, Ghayen and Ferdows cities. The 28-item version of the General Health Questionnaire was applied as the screening tool. The data were analyzed using SPSS, version 18.0 for windows.


Based on GHQ traditional scoring method, this study showed that 17.1% of the respondents (20% of women and 14.1% of men) were suspected of having mental disorders. The prevalence of suspected individuals for mental disorders was higher in urban areas (18.2%) than rural areas (14.5%). It was also shown that the prevalence of anxiety and somatization symptoms was higher than social dysfunction and depression symptoms, and women revealed higher prevalence for these disorders compared with men. The findings of this study also indicated that the prevalence of suspected cases for mental disorders increased with age. The prevalence of suspected cases of these disorders was higher in women aged 65 and over, divorced, widowed, uneducated and the retired compared to the other groups.


The results of this study show that one sixth of the sample population were suspected of mental disorders; therefore, health authorities and administrators need to take the principled measures to ensure and maintain the mental health of individuals as well as the evaluation and treatment of patients with mental disorders.


Adult population; South Khorasan province; general health questionnaire (GHQ-28); mental health status

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