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Adv Mater. 2018 Apr;30(16):e1704439. doi: 10.1002/adma.201704439. Epub 2018 Feb 26.

Synthesis of Engineered Zeolitic Materials: From Classical Zeolites to Hierarchical Core-Shell Materials.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, Université Laval, Quebec City, Quebec, G1V 0A6, Canada.
2
Department of Inorganic Chemistry-Functional Materials, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Vienna, Währinger Straße 42, Vienna, 1090, Austria.

Abstract

The term "engineered zeolitic materials" refers to a class of materials with a rationally designed pore system and active-sites distribution. They are primarily made of crystalline microporous zeolites as the main building blocks, which can be accompanied by other secondary components to form composite materials. These materials are of potential importance in many industrial fields like catalysis or selective adsorption. Herein, critical aspects related to the synthesis and modification of such materials are discussed. The first section provides a short introduction on classical zeolite structures and properties, and their conventional synthesis methods. Then, the motivating rationale behind the growing demand for structural alteration of these zeolitic materials is discussed, with an emphasis on the ongoing struggles regarding mass-transfer issues. The state-of-the-art techniques that are currently available for overcoming these hurdles are reviewed. Following this, the focus is set on core-shell composites as one of the promising pathways toward the creation of a new generation of highly versatile and efficient engineered zeolitic substances. The synthesis approaches developed thus far to make zeolitic core-shell materials and their analogues, yolk-shell, and hollow materials, are also examined and summarized. Finally, the last section concisely reviews the performance of novel core-shell, yolk-shell, and hollow zeolitic materials for some important industrial applications.

KEYWORDS:

core-shell materials; engineered zeolitic materials; hierarchical structures; nanoporous solids; nanozeolites

PMID:
29479756
DOI:
10.1002/adma.201704439

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