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Vet World. 2018 Jan;11(1):30-33. doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2018.30-33. Epub 2017 Jan 18.

Detection of Schmallenberg virus antibody in equine population of Northern and Northeast of Iran.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran.

Abstract

Aim:

Schmallenberg virus (SBV) is a newly emerging virus in Simbu group that 1st time is reported in 2011 in Germany and now spread to Europe. The clinical signs of infection to this virus are fever, loss of appetite, reduced milk yield and in some cases, diarrhea and in pregnant animals congenital malformations in calves, lambs, and kid goats.

Materials and Methods:

In this study for a serologic survey of SBV, blood samples from 200 horse in different rural areas of the northern and northeast of Iran with the high equine population collected and were analyzed using an indirect ELISA test.

Results:

Based on our results 5% (n=10) of total 200 samples were positive for SBV antibody and 2% (n=4) was doubtful and 93% (n=186) was negative. There were no significant differences between age and sex and breed properties (p>0.05).

Conclusion:

This study demonstrated the presence of antibodies against the SBV on horse populations in Iran. The high population and activity of Culicoides biting midges and their proper living conditions, especially the areas of temperate and humid environmental conditions, are the possible causes of arboviruses related diseases seen in this country.

KEYWORDS:

Iran; Schmallenberg virus; horse; new emerging disease

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