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Nat Rev Microbiol. 2018 May;16(5):316-328. doi: 10.1038/nrmicro.2018.17. Epub 2018 Feb 26.

Pseudomonas syringae: what it takes to be a pathogen.

Author information

1
Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Science and Center for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and CAS John Innes Centre of Excellence for Plant and Microbial Sciences, Shanghai, China.
2
Department of Plant Pathology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA.
3
Department of Energy Plant Research Laboratory, Department of Plant Biology, Plant Resilience Institute and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA.

Abstract

Pseudomonas syringae is one of the best-studied plant pathogens and serves as a model for understanding host-microorganism interactions, bacterial virulence mechanisms and host adaptation of pathogens as well as microbial evolution, ecology and epidemiology. Comparative genomic studies have identified key genomic features that contribute to P. syringae virulence. P. syringae has evolved two main virulence strategies: suppression of host immunity and creation of an aqueous apoplast to form its niche in the phyllosphere. In addition, external environmental conditions such as humidity profoundly influence infection. P. syringae may serve as an excellent model to understand virulence and also of how pathogenic microorganisms integrate environmental conditions and plant microbiota to become ecologically robust and diverse pathogens of the plant kingdom.

PMID:
29479077
PMCID:
PMC5972017
DOI:
10.1038/nrmicro.2018.17
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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