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J Affect Disord. 2018 May;232:61-68. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2018.02.044. Epub 2018 Feb 16.

Association between abnormal serum myelin-specific protein levels and white matter integrity in first-episode and drug-naïve patients with major depressive disorder.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming, Yunnan, China.
2
Department of Rheumatology, First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming, Yunnan, China.
3
Department of Medical Imaging, First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming, Yunnan, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although the structural abnormalities of white matter (WM) have been described in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), the neuropathological changes remain unclear. The current study aimed to investigate the myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) and myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) levels and their correlations with WM integrity in first-episode, drug-naïve MDD patients.

METHODS:

We obtained diffusion tensor images of 102 first-episode, drug-naïve MDD patients and 81 age- and sex-matched controls. Serum MOG and MAG levels of all participants were measured and compared between the two groups. The correlations between WM integrity and MOG and MAG levels were examined.

RESULTS:

MOG and MAG serum levels were significantly higher in MDD patients than in controls. Patients with MDD also showed decreased fractional anisotropy (FA) and axial diffusivity in the WM of the bilateral thalamus, right hippocampus, right temporal lobe, and left pulvinar. At the whole-brain level, no regions showed any correlations of diffusivity parameters with MOG or MAG levels in healthy subjects. However, we observed two-way correlations between the MOG and MAG levels and the FA and mean diffusivity values in the WM of the left middle frontal lobe, right inferior parietal lobe, and right supplementary motor area in MDD patients.

LIMITATIONS:

Further investigation with a larger sample size and longitudinal studies are required to better understand the neuropathology of WM integrity in MDD.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our findings represent the first evidence of a relationship between abnormal serum myelin-specific protein levels and impaired WM integrity, which may help to better understand the neurobiological mechanisms of MDD.

KEYWORDS:

Diffusion tensor imaging; Fractional anisotropy; Major depressive disorder; Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein; Myelin-associated glycoprotein

PMID:
29477585
DOI:
10.1016/j.jad.2018.02.044
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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