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Genesis. 2018 Jun;56(6-7):e23095. doi: 10.1002/dvg.23095. Epub 2018 Feb 24.

Cut loose and run: The complex role of ADAM proteases during neural crest cell development.

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Department of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts, 01003.
Department of Animal and Avian Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, 20742.


ADAM metalloproteases have been shown to play critical roles during development. In this review, we will describe functional evidence that implicates ADAM proteins during the genesis, migration and differentiation of neural crest cells. We will restrict our analysis to the transmembrane ADAMs as other reviews have addressed the role of extracellular metalloproteases (Christian et al. [2013] Critical Reviews in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 48:544-560). This review will describe advances that have been obtained mainly through the use of two vertebrate model systems, the frog, and avian embryos. The role of the principal substrates of ADAMs, the cadherins, has been extensively described in other reviews, most recently in (Cousin [1997] Mechanisms of Development 148:79-88; Taneyhill and Schiffmacher [2017] Genesis, 55). The function of ADAMs in the migration of other cell types, including the immune system, wound healing and cancer has been described previously in (Dreymueller et al. [2017] Mediators of Inflammation 2017: 9621724). Our goal is to illustrate both the importance of ADAMs in controlling neural crest behavior and how neural crest cells have helped us understand the molecular interactions, substrates, and functions of ADAM proteins in vivo.


Xenopus; avian; development; disintegrin; metalloprotease; neural crest

[Available on 2019-06-01]
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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