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Brain Struct Funct. 2018 Jun;223(5):2323-2334. doi: 10.1007/s00429-018-1636-y. Epub 2018 Feb 23.

Vesicular glutamate transporter 1 (VGLUT1)- and VGLUT2-immunopositive axon terminals on the rat jaw-closing and jaw-opening motoneurons.

Author information

1
Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, 188-1, 2-Ga, Samdeok-Dong, Jung-Gu, Daegu, 700-412, South Korea.
2
Research Division, Korea Brain Research Institute, Daegu, 700-010, South Korea.
3
Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, 188-1, 2-Ga, Samdeok-Dong, Jung-Gu, Daegu, 700-412, South Korea. ycbae@knu.ac.kr.

Abstract

To provide information on the glutamatergic synapses on the trigeminal motoneurons, which may be important for understanding the mechanism of control of jaw movements, we investigated the distribution of vesicular glutamate transporter (VGLUT)1-immunopositive (+) and VGLUT2 + axon terminals (boutons) on the rat jaw-closing (JC) and jaw-opening (JO) motoneurons, and their morphological determinants of synaptic strength by retrograde tracing, electron microscopic immunohistochemistry, and quantitative ultrastructural analysis. We found that (1) the large majority of VGLUT + boutons on JC and JO motoneurons were VGLUT2+, (2) the density of VGLUT1 + boutons terminating on JC motoneurons was significantly higher than that on JO motoneurons, (3) the density of VGLUT1 + boutons terminating on non-primary dendrites of JC motoneurons was significantly higher than that on somata or primary dendrites, whereas the density of VGLUT2 + boutons was not significantly different between JC and JO motoneurons and among various compartments of the postsynaptic neurons, and (4) the bouton volume, mitochondrial volume, and active zone area of the VGLUT1 + boutons forming synapses on JC motoneurons were significantly bigger than those of VGLUT2 + boutons. These findings suggest that JC and JO motoneurons receive glutamatergic input primarily from VGLUT2-expressing intrinsic neurons (premotoneurons), and may be controlled differently by neurons in the trigeminal mesencephalic nucleus and by glutamatergic premotoneurons.

KEYWORDS:

Electron microscopy; Glutamatergic synapse; Immunohistochemistry; Jaw-closing motoneuron; Jaw-opening motoneuron; Vesicular glutamate transporter

PMID:
29476240
DOI:
10.1007/s00429-018-1636-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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