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Psychiatry Investig. 2018 Mar;15(3):279-284. doi: 10.30773/pi.2017.08.10. Epub 2018 Feb 22.

A 12-Week Multi-Domain Lifestyle Modification to Reduce Depressive Symptoms in Older Adults: A Preliminary Report.

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Department of Psychiatry, Ajou Good Hospital, Suwon, Republic of Korea.
Department of Psychiatry, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Republic of Korea.
Department of Psychiatry, CHA University School of Medicine, CHA Hospital, Seongnam, Republic of Korea.
Department of Psychiatry, Ajou Danam Hospital, Suwon, Republic of Korea.
Department of Psychiatry, Yeouido St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.



The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of usual care management (UCM) and a newly-developed lifestyle modification with contingency management (LMCM) for geriatric depressive symptoms in the community.


A randomized controlled trial was conducted in 93 older adults with major depressive disorder at community mental health centers. A 12 week multi-domain LMCM was developed by providing positive reinforcement using 'gold medal stickers' as a symbolic incentive to motivate their participation and adherence. Participants were allocated to LMCM (n=47) and UCM (n=46) groups. They were then subjected to the 12 week treatment. Effects of the two intervention methods on Geriatric Depression Scale were determined using mixed model analysis.


Participants in the LMCM group had greater decline in GDS score per month than participants in the UCM group after adjusting for age, sex, years of education, living alone, and MMSE scores at baseline examination [coefficient for GDS score (95% CI): -1.08 (-1.51, -0.65), p<0.001, reference: UCM group].


LMCM is safe and easy to use with a low cost. LMCM is suitable as psychosocial intervention for older adults with depressive symptoms in the community.


Community; Depressive symptoms; Elderly; Psychosocial intervention

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