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J Antimicrob Chemother. 2018 Jun 1;73(6):1546-1552. doi: 10.1093/jac/dky032.

Performance of the Accelerate Pheno™ system for identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing of a panel of multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacilli directly from positive blood cultures.

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Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, U1047, Université de Montpellier, UFR de Médecine, Nîmes, France.
Service de Microbiologie, CHU Carémeau, Nîmes, France.



To evaluate the performance of the Accelerate Pheno™ system for the identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) of a panel of Gram-negative bacilli (GNB) with different resistance profiles (e.g. penicillinases, ESBLs, cephalosporinase overproduction, carbapenemases, impermeability) directly from positive blood cultures in <7 h.


A panel of 105 clinical strains previously characterized for the presence of β-lactamase-encoding genes was tested. Approximately 100 cfu of each isolate was inoculated into sterile blood culture bottles and incubated in a BD BACTEC™ FX automated system (Becton Dickinson, USA). Positive blood cultures were subjected to parallel testing using the Accelerate Pheno™ system and conventional culture methods [identification of isolated colonies by MALDI-TOF and VITEK® 2 system (bioMérieux, France), and AST by disc diffusion and Etest following EUCAST recommendations].


The overall identification agreement between the Accelerate Pheno™ system and conventional culture methods was 100% (105/105). The overall categorical agreement between the system and culture-based AST was 94.9% (1169/1232), with rates for minor errors of 4.1% (51/1232), major errors 0.3% (4/1232) and very major errors 0.7% (8/1232). The Accelerate Pheno™ system produced AST results indicative of third-generation cephalosporinases (26/26) and carbapenem-resistant strains (52/55).


The Accelerate Pheno™ system is an accurate, sensitive and easy-to-use test for the rapid identification and AST of MDR GNB in bloodstream infections. Given the burden of multidrug resistance, its implementation in the microbiology laboratory could be a useful tool for prompt management of sepsis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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