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PLoS One. 2018 Feb 23;13(2):e0192730. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0192730. eCollection 2018.

Transcriptome analysis in different developmental stages of Batocera horsfieldi (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) and comparison of candidate olfactory genes.

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Key Laboratory of Ecological Forestry Engineering of Sichuan Province, College of Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.
Chengdu Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.


The white-striped longhorn beetle Batocera horsfieldi (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) is a polyphagous wood-boring pest that causes substantial damage to the lumber industry. Moreover olfactory proteins are crucial components to function in related processes, but the B. horsfieldi genome is not readily available for olfactory proteins analysis. In the present study, developmental transcriptomes of larvae from the first instar to the prepupal stage, pupae, and adults (females and males) from emergence to mating were built by RNA sequencing to establish a genetic background that may help understand olfactory genes. Approximately 199 million clean reads were obtained and assembled into 171,664 transcripts, which were classified into 23,380, 26,511, 22,393, 30,270, and 87, 732 unigenes for larvae, pupae, females, males, and combined datasets, respectively. The unigenes were annotated against NCBI's non-redundant nucleotide and protein sequences, Swiss-Prot, Gene Ontology (GO), Pfam, Clusters of Eukaryotic Orthologous Groups (KOG), and KEGG Orthology (KO) databases. A total of 43,197 unigenes were annotated into 55 sub-categories under the three main GO categories; 25,237 unigenes were classified into 26 functional KOG categories, and 25,814 unigenes were classified into five functional KEGG Pathway categories. RSEM software identified 2,983, 3,097, 870, 2,437, 5,161, and 2,882 genes that were differentially expressed between larvae and males, larvae and pupae, larvae and females, males and females, males and pupae, and females and pupae, respectively. Among them, genes encoding seven candidate odorant binding proteins (OBPs) and three chemosensory proteins (CSPs) were identified. RT-PCR and RT-qPCR analyses showed that BhorOBP3, BhorCSP2, and BhorOBPC1/C3/C4 were highly expressed in the antenna of males, indicating these genes may may play key roles in foraging and host-orientation in B. horsfieldi. Our results provide valuable molecular information about the olfactory system in B. horsfieldi and will help guide future functional studies on olfactory genes.

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