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J Adolesc Health. 2018 Feb 19. pii: S1054-139X(17)30871-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2017.11.299. [Epub ahead of print]

Educating and Training the Future Adolescent Health Workforce.

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Department of Pediatrics, University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin. Electronic address:
World Health Organization, Department of Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health, Geneva, Switzerland.
Centre for Adolescent Health, Royal Children's Hospital; Department of Paediatrics, The University of Melbourne; Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.


Unprecedented attention is now focused on adolescents with growing appreciation of their disease burden and of the opportunities of investing in adolescent health. New investments are required to build the technical capacity for policy, programming, research, and clinical care across the world, especially in resource-poor settings where most adolescents live. Strategies to educate and train the future workforce are needed. Competency-based education and training is the standard of education in preservice (undergraduate and postgraduate) health education and medical specialty training. Yet competency is difficult to quantify and standardize, as are the processes that underpin competency-based education and training. The primary objective of this review was to identify how quality education in adolescent health and medicine is determined. This information was used to inform the development of a conceptual framework for institutions teaching adolescent health, which can be used to assess the quality of teaching and learning and to monitor the implementation of these adolescent health competencies. Specific teaching modalities and assessment tools that have been used to teach adolescent health are described to exemplify how an educational program can be delivered and assessed. This framework is a step toward the development of a more adolescent-competent health workforce.


Adolescents; Curriculum; Education; Medical education; Postgraduate education; Preservice; Training; Workforce

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