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Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 2018 Feb;143(4):279-286. doi: 10.1055/s-0043-119864. Epub 2018 Feb 22.

[Vegetarian Diets in Children? - An Assessment from Pediatrics and Nutrition Science].

[Article in German]

Abstract

In Germany, the "Dietary Schedule for the 1st year of life" and the "Optimised Mixed Diet" for children and adolescents serve as scientifically based and generally applicable dietary concepts throughout the period of growth and development. Vegetarian diets as the lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet (exclusion of meat, fish) and the vegan diet (exclusion of all food groups of animal origin) need to be evaluated for their potential to safely meet the high and specific requirements for growth and development. In this regard, high-quality studies are needed. In individuals on lacto-ovo-vegetarian diets, the safe supply with critical nutrients should be checked by thorough dietary history, possibly additional laboratory tests in risk situations like pregnancy, infancy and toddlerhood. Children on pure vegan diet need ongoing elaborate dietary strategies and continuous supplementation at any age, similar to nutritional management in children with metabolic disorders. A vegan diet is disadvised during all periods with intense growth and development.

PMID:
29471576
DOI:
10.1055/s-0043-119864
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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