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Niger J Clin Pract. 2018 Feb;21(2):201-205. doi: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_1_17.

Evaluation of the Effect of Platelet-Rich Fibrin on the Alveolar Osteitis Incidence and Periodontal Probing Depth after Extracting Partially Erupted Mandibular Third Molars Extraction.

Author information

1
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey.
2
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Ankara Yildirim Beyazit University, Ankara, Turkey.

Abstract

Aims:

To evaluate whether the alveolar osteitis (AO) incidence after extracting partially erupted third molars differs when platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is administered in the alveolar socket and to assess the influence of PRF on postoperative pain levels and periodontal probing depth.

Settings and Design:

In this split-mouth randomized study, 50 patients (17 men/ 33 women; mean age, 23.96 years) with bilateral symmetric partially erupted mandibular third molars were enrolled.

Material and Methods:

PRF was randomly placed in one extraction socket, whereas the other socket was left empty. A verbal rating scale was used to evaluate postoperative pain levels. AO development was evaluated on the 7th postoperative day. At 3 months postoperatively, periodontal probing depth was measured on the distal surface of the second molars.

Results:

In total, 8% of patients in the PRF group and 18% of the patients in the control group were diagnosed with AO. None of the smokers in the PRF group and 37.5% smokers in the control group were diagnosed with AO. Mean postoperative pain levels were lower in the PRF group than in the control group at all time points. At 3 months postoperatively, periodontal probing depths were found to be ≤3 mm in both groups.

Conclusions:

PRF significantly reduced the AO incidence among smokers and had a positive effect on postoperative pain levels but not on periodontal healing.

KEYWORDS:

Alveolar osteitis; mandibular third molar; platelet-rich fibrin; probing depth

PMID:
29465055
DOI:
10.4103/njcp.njcp_1_17
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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