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Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2018 Feb 15;24(3):482-489. doi: 10.1093/ibd/izx051.

Moving On: Transition Readiness in Adolescents and Young Adults With IBD.

Author information

1
Denver VA Medical Center, Eastern Colorado Health Care System, Denver, CO.
2
Department of Psychology, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, North Chicago, IL.
3
Gastroenterology, Liver and Nutrition Program, Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI.
4
Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, UW Health, American Family Children's Hospital, Madison, WI.
5
Inflammatory Bowel Disease Center, Boston's Children's Hospital, Boston, MA.

Abstract

Background:

Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) often begins early in life. Adolescents and young adults (AYA) with IBD have to acquire behaviors that support self-care, effective healthcare decision-making, and self-advocacy to successfully transition from pediatric to adult health care. Despite the importance of this critical time period, limited empirical study of factors associated with transition readiness in AYA exists. This study aimed to describe transition readiness in a sample of AYA with IBD and identify associated modifiable and nonmodifiable factors.

Methods:

Seventy-five AYA (ages 16-20) and their parents participated. AYA and parents reported on demographics, patient-provider transition-related communication, and transition readiness. AYA self-reported on disease self-efficacy. Disease information was abstracted from the medical record.

Results:

Deficits in AYA responsibility were found in knowledge of insurance coverage, scheduling appointments, and ordering medication refills. Older AYA age, higher AYA disease-management self-efficacy, and increased patient-provider transition communication were each associated with higher overall transition readiness and AYA responsibility scores. Regression analyses revealed that older AYA age and increased patient-provider transition-related communication were the most salient predictors of AYA responsibility for disease management and overall transition readiness across parent and AYA reports.

Conclusions:

AYA with IBD show deficits in responsibility for their disease management that have the potential to affect their self-management skills. Findings suggest provider communication is particularly important in promoting transition readiness. Additionally, it may be beneficial to wait to transition patients until they are older to allow them more time to master skills necessary to responsibly manage their own healthcare.

PMID:
29462383
DOI:
10.1093/ibd/izx051

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