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Genet Test Mol Biomarkers. 2018 Apr;22(4):224-236. doi: 10.1089/gtmb.2017.0243. Epub 2018 Feb 20.

Associations Between Three CTLA-4 Polymorphisms and Hashimoto's Thyroiditis Risk: An Updated Meta-Analysis with Trial Sequential Analysis.

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Department of Endocrinology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University , Nanjing, China .



In this article, we conducted an updated meta-analysis with trial sequential analysis (TSA) to refine the associations between three common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the CTLA-4 gene (+49A/G, CT60, and -318C/T) and Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT).


Statistical association analyses were performed using four genetic models, including the allelic, codominant, dominant, and recessive models with the Revman 5.3, Stata 14.0, and TSA 0.9 software. For quality evaluation, the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale was used.


Our meta-analysis included 29 independent studies with low risk of bias that involved 3614 cases and 8839 controls. The pooled results indicated a significant association between the +49A/G polymorphism and an increased risk of HT in all four genetic models. Furthermore, the TSA demonstrated that the evidence of this association was robust and credible. Subgroup analysis revealed a significantly higher risk of HT in Asians compared with Caucasians associated with the +49A/G polymorphism. Surprisingly, in contrast to the results with adults, we did not find any significant association when analyzing the pediatric subgroup. For the CT60 polymorphism, a significant association with risk of HT was detected overall, and subgroup analysis revealed that this association was significant in the Asian subgroup, but not in the Caucasian subgroup. No statistically significant associations were detected in any of the investigated genetic models for the -318C/T polymorphism. However, the results of the TSA suggested that the sample sizes used for the CTLA-4 CT60 and -318C/T SNPs were insufficient.


Our meta-analysis showed significant associations between the risk of HT and both the +49A/G and CT60 polymorphisms, but not the -318C/T polymorphism. In addition, the TSA results indicated that CTLA-4 +49A/G should be considered as a biomarker for HT, whereas both the CT60 and -318C/T SNPs warrant confirmation by further studies.


CTLA-4; Hashimoto's thyroiditis; meta-analysis; polymorphism; trial sequential analysis

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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