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Bone. 2019 Jan;118:47-52. doi: 10.1016/j.bone.2018.02.013. Epub 2018 Feb 16.

The paradox of marrow adipose tissue in anorexia nervosa.

Author information

1
Neuroendocrine Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States. Electronic address: pkfazeli@partners.org.
2
Neuroendocrine Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States.

Abstract

Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a psychiatric disorder characterized by inappropriate nutrient intake resulting in low body weight. Multiple hormonal adaptations facilitate decreased energy expenditure in this state of caloric deprivation including non-thyroidal illness syndrome, growth hormone resistance, and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. Although these hormonal adaptations confer a survival advantage during periods of negative energy balance, they contribute to the long-term medical complications associated with AN, the most common of which is significant bone loss and an increased risk of fracture. In recent years, marrow adipose tissue (MAT) has emerged as an important potential determinant of the low bone mass state characteristic of AN. Unlike subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue depots which are low in AN, MAT levels are paradoxically elevated and are inversely associated with BMD. In this review, we discuss what is known about MAT in AN and the proposed hormonal determinants of this adipose tissue depot.

KEYWORDS:

Anorexia nervosa; Bone mineral density; Marrow adipose tissue

PMID:
29458121
PMCID:
PMC6095826
[Available on 2020-01-01]
DOI:
10.1016/j.bone.2018.02.013

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