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J Proteome Res. 2018 Apr 6;17(4):1415-1425. doi: 10.1021/acs.jproteome.7b00782. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Deletion of Adipose Triglyceride Lipase Links Triacylglycerol Accumulation to a More-Aggressive Phenotype in A549 Lung Carcinoma Cells.

Author information

1
Research Unit Functional Proteomics and Metabolic Pathways , Institute of Pathology, Medical University of Graz , 8010 Graz , Austria.
2
Omics Center Graz, BioTechMed-Graz , 8010 Graz , Austria.
3
Institute of Computational Biotechnology, Graz University of Technology , 8010 Graz , Austria.

Abstract

Adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL) catalyzes the rate limiting step in triacylglycerol breakdown in adipocytes but is expressed in most tissues. The enzyme was shown to be lost in many human tumors, and its loss may play a role in early stages of cancer development. Here, we report that loss of ATGL supports a more-aggressive cancer phenotype in a model system in which ATGL was deleted in A549 lung cancer cells by CRISPR/Cas9. We observed that loss of ATGL led to triacylglycerol accumulation in lipid droplets and higher levels of cellular phospholipid and bioactive lipid species (lyso- and ether-phospholipids). Label-free quantitative proteomics revealed elevated expression of the pro-oncogene SRC kinase in ATGL depleted cells, which was also found on mRNA level and confirmed on protein level by Western blot. Consistently, higher expression of phosphorylated (active) SRC (Y416 phospho-SRC) was observed in ATGL-KO cells. Cells depleted of ATGL migrated faster, which was dependent on SRC kinase activity. We propose that loss of ATGL may thus increase cancer aggressiveness by activation of pro-oncogenic signaling via SRC kinase and increased levels of bioactive lipids.

KEYWORDS:

A549 lung carcinoma cells; ATGL; SRC; cancer; lipid droplet; migration; triacylglycerol

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