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Public Health Nutr. 2018 Jun;21(9):1717-1725. doi: 10.1017/S1368980018000046. Epub 2018 Feb 19.

Food and beverage intakes according to physical activity levels in European children: the IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of Dietary and lifestyle induced health EFfects In Children and infantS) study.

Author information

1
1GENUD (Growth,Exercise,Nutrition and Development) Research Group,Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud,Universidad de Zaragoza,C/Domingo Miral s/n,Cp 50009 Zaragoza,Spain.
2
5Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology - BIPS,Bremen,Germany.
3
6Department of Public Health,Ghent University,Ghent,Belgium.
4
7Department of Public Health and Community Medicine,University of Gothenburg,Gothenburg,Sweden.
5
8Department of Pediatrics,Medical Faculty,University of Pécs,Pécs,Hungary.
6
9Unit of Epidemiology and Population Genetics,Institute of Food Sciences,National Research Council,Avellino,Italy.
7
10Research and Education Institute of Child Health,Strovolos,Cyprus.
8
11National Institute for Health Development,Center of Health and Behavioral Science,Tallinn,Estonia.
9
12Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori,Milan,Italy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Physical activity (PA) levels and dietary habits are considered some of the most important factors associated with obesity. The present study aimed to examine the association between PA level and food and beverage consumption in European children (2-10 years old).Design/Setting/SubjectsA sample of 7229 children (49·0 % girls) from eight European countries participating in the IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of Dietary and lifestyle induced health EFfects In Children and infantS) study was included. Moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) was assessed objectively with accelerometers. FFQ was used to register dietary habits. ANCOVA and binary logistic regression were applied.

RESULTS:

Boys who spent less time in MVPA reported lower consumption of vegetables, fruits, cereals, yoghurt, milk, bread, pasta, candies and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) than boys who spent more time in MVPA (P<0·05). Moreover, boys who spent less time in MVPA were more likely to consume fast foods and water than those in the highest MVPA tertile (P<0·05). Girls who spent less time in MVPA reported lower consumption frequencies of vegetables, pasta, bread, yoghurt, candies, jam/honey and SSB than girls in the highest MVPA tertile (P<0·05). Also, girls in the lowest MVPA tertile were more likely to consume fast foods and water than those with high levels of MVPA (P<0·05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Food intake among European children varied with different levels of daily MVPA. Low time spent in MVPA was associated with lowest consumption of both high- and low-energy-dense foods and high fast-food consumption.

KEYWORDS:

Beverages intake; Food intake; IDEFICS study; Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity; Physical activity

PMID:
29457580
DOI:
10.1017/S1368980018000046

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