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Lett Appl Microbiol. 2018 May;66(5):416-426. doi: 10.1111/lam.12867. Epub 2018 Mar 25.

Gut bacteria of cockroaches are a potential source of antibacterial compound(s).

Author information

1
Department of Biological Sciences, School of Science and Technology, Sunway University, Bandar Sunway, Malaysia.
2
National Institute for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Abstract

Here, we hypothesized that the microbial gut flora of animals/pests living in polluted environments, produce substances to thwart bacterial infections. The overall aim of this study was to source microbes inhabiting unusual environmental niches for potential antimicrobial activity. Two cockroach species, Gromphadorhina portentosa (Madagascar) and Blaptica dubia (Dubia) were selected. The gut bacteria from these species were isolated and grown in RPMI 1640 and conditioned media were prepared. Conditioned media were tested against a panel of Gram-positive (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Bacillus cereus) and Gram-negative (Escherichia coli K1, Salmonella enterica, Serratia marcescens, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae) bacteria, as well as the protist pathogen, Acanthamoeba castellanii. The results revealed that the gut bacteria of cockroaches produce active molecule(s) with potent antibacterial properties, as well as exhibit antiamoebic effects. However, heat-inactivation at 95°C for 10 min had no effect on conditioned media-mediated antibacterial and antiamoebic properties. These results suggest that bacteria from novel sources i.e. from the cockroach's gut produce molecules with bactericidal as well as amoebicidal properties that can ultimately lead to the development of therapeutic drugs.

SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY:

The bacteria isolated from unusual dwellings such as the cockroaches' gut are a useful source of antibacterial and antiamoebal molecules. These are remarkable findings that will open several avenues in our search for novel antimicrobials from unique sources. Furthermore studies will lead to the identification of molecules to develop future antibacterials from insects.

KEYWORDS:

antibacterials; bacterial infections; cockroach; conditioned media; infectious diseases; superbugs

PMID:
29457249
DOI:
10.1111/lam.12867
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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