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Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2018 Feb 18. doi: 10.1111/nyas.13568. [Epub ahead of print]

Factors associated with nutritional status and dietary practices of Bangladeshi adolescents in early pregnancy.

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Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, Davis, California.
James P. Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.


Bangladesh has a high prevalence of adolescent pregnancy, but little is known about the nutritional status and dietary practices of Bangladeshi adolescents in early pregnancy or associated factors. We used the baseline data of 1552 pregnant adolescents from a longitudinal, cluster-randomized effectiveness trial conducted in northwest Bangladesh. Forty-four percent of the adolescents were short for their age, 36% had low body mass index, 28% were anemic, 10% had iron deficiency, and 32% had vitamin A deficiency. The mean consumption of animal-source foods was 10.3 times/week. In multivariate analysis, socioeconomic status, education, and food security were generally positively associated with anthropometric indicators and dietary practices but not with iron or vitamin A status. Our findings confirm that there is a high burden of undernutrition among these Bangladeshi adolescents in early pregnancy. Understanding factors related to undernutrition can help to identify adolescent pregnant women at higher risk and provide appropriate counseling and care.


Bangladesh; adolescents; dietary practices; early pregnancy; nutritional status


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