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Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2018 Apr;15(2):113-119. doi: 10.1007/s11904-018-0391-2.

Network-Based Research on Rural Opioid Use: an Overview of Methods and Lessons Learned.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology, University of Kentucky College of Public Health, 111 Washington Avenue, Office 211C, Lexington, KY, 40536, USA. april.young@uky.edu.
2
Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY, USA. april.young@uky.edu.
3
Department of Epidemiology, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.
4
Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

The purpose of this paper is to provide a thorough overview of methods used for recruitment, network data collection, and network data management in a network-based study of rural people who use drugs (PWUD) and to offer methodological recommendations for future research on rural drug use.

RECENT FINDINGS:

The Social Networks among Appalachian People (SNAP) study recruited a cohort of 503 rural PWUD via respondent-driven sampling (RDS) and has retained more than 80% of eligible participants over 7-9 years. SNAP has yielded important methodological insights, including that (1) RDS referral was non-random and disproportionately involved kin and (2) interviewer-administered questionnaires were successful in eliciting accurate name and age information about network members. The SNAP experience suggests that RDS was a successful recruitment strategy for rural PWUD and questionnaires administered by community-based interviewers in the context of a Certificate of Confidentiality could elicit detailed data on PWUD risk networks.

KEYWORDS:

Appalachia; HIV; Hepatitis C; Opioid; Rural; Social networks; Substance use

PMID:
29457200
PMCID:
PMC5884725
[Available on 2019-04-01]
DOI:
10.1007/s11904-018-0391-2

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