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Contemp Drug Probl. 2017 Jun;44(2):147-158. doi: 10.1177/0091450917710763. Epub 2017 Jun 30.

The Effects of Acute Cannabis Use on Nontraffic Injury Risk: Reviewing the Available Literature and Identifying Ways Forward.

Author information

1
Alcohol Research Group, Emeryville, CA 94608, United States.
2
University of Sao Paulo Medical School, SP 01246-903, Brazil.
3
University of Sahmyook, Seoul, South Korea.

Abstract

Recent evidence has indicated that cannabis use before driving is associated with a modest but increased risk for traffic-related injuries. However, the question of whether recent cannabis use is associated with a greater risk for other types of injuries remains unanswered. Aiming to understand better how acute cannabis use might affect the risk for all causes of injury, we have summarized the limited data available in the literature on the risk of non-traffic injuries associated with recent cannabis use. Very few studies were able to provide estimate risks for all injuries or injuries other than those related to road traffic injuries, with the limited evidence available showing mixed findings. The only significant risk found (in only one study) suggests an inverse association between all injuries and cannabis use. Study designs are limited, and the majority of studies have neither data on acute cannabis use among injured individuals nor a valid control group for estimating injury risk attributable to cannabis. In conclusion, studies of the association between cannabis and non-traffic injuries present several limitations, particularly regarding sampling strategies, injury risk assessment for different causes of injury, and a dose-response risk relationship with injury. Further studies, incorporating better design for different causes of injury and drug testing, are required to reach firmer conclusions on the association between cannabis use and non-traffic injury risk.

KEYWORDS:

cannabis; injuries; non-traffic injuries; review; risk; violence

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