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Indian J Pediatr. 2018 Jun;85(6):448-453. doi: 10.1007/s12098-017-2576-x. Epub 2018 Feb 17.

Newborn Screening Guidelines for Congenital Hypothyroidism in India: Recommendations of the Indian Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Endocrinology (ISPAE) - Part II: Imaging, Treatment and Follow-up.

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Department of Endocrinology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India.
Department of Pediatrics, SAT Hospital, Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, 695011, India.
Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Room no. 3058, Teaching Block, New Delhi, India.
Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Bai Jerbai Wadia Hospital for Children, Institute of Child Health & Research Centre, Parel, Mumbai, India.


The Indian Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Endocrinology has formulated Clinical Practice Guidelines for newborn screening, diagnosis and management of congenital hypothyroidism (CH). This manuscript, part II addresses management and follow-up.


Screening should be done for every newborn using cord blood, or postnatal blood ideally at 48 to 72 h of age. Neonates with screen TSH > 20 mIU/L serum units (or >34 mIU/L for samples taken between 24 and 48 h of age) should be recalled for confirmation. For screen TSH > 40 mIU/L, immediate confirmatory venous T4/FT4 and TSH, and for mildly elevated screen TSH, a second screening TSH at 7 to 10 d of age, should be taken. Preterm and low birth weight infants should undergo screening at 48-72 h age. Sick babies should be screened at least by 7 d of age. Venous confirmatory TSH >20 mIU/L before age 2 wk and >10 mIU/L after age 2 wk, with low T4 (<10 μg/dL) or FT4 (<1.17 ng/dL) indicate primary CH and treatment initiation. Imaging is recommended by radionuclide scintigraphy and ultrasonography after CH is biochemically confirmed but treatment should not be delayed till scans are performed. Levothyroxine is commenced at 10-15 μg/kg in the neonatal period. Serum T4/FT4 is measured at 2 wk and TSH and T4/FT4 at 1 mo, then 2 monthly till 6 mo, 3 monthly from 6 mo-3 y and every 3-6 mo thereafter. Babies with the possibility of transient CH should be re-evaluated at age 3 y, to assess the need for lifelong therapy.


Clinical practice guidelines; Cord blood; Dried blood spot; Newborn thyroid screening

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