Format

Send to

Choose Destination
AIDS Behav. 2018 Oct;22(10):3214-3225. doi: 10.1007/s10461-018-2061-1.

Grit and Ambition are Associated with Better Neurocognitive and Everyday Functioning Among Adults Living with HIV.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, 220 Dickinson Drive, St B (8231), San Diego, CA, 92103-8231, USA. r6moore@ucsd.edu.
2
VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA, USA. r6moore@ucsd.edu.
3
San Diego Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego State University, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA.
4
Department of Family, Community, and Health Systems, School of Nursing, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.
5
Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, 220 Dickinson Drive, St B (8231), San Diego, CA, 92103-8231, USA.
6
Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
7
Department of Psychiatry (BCY), VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
8
Department of Neurosciences, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA.
9
Sam and Rose Stein Institute for Research on Aging, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA.

Abstract

Grit and ambition are psychological factors that may protect neurocognitive function among persons living with HIV (PLWH). We examined associations between grit, ambition, premorbid verbal intellectual function, and current neurocognitive and everyday functioning among PLWH and persons without HIV (HIV-). 120 PLWH and 94 HIV- adults completed the Grit Scale (includes total score and consistency of interests and perseverance of effort subscales), ambition scale, and a comprehensive neurobehavioral battery. PLWH had lower grit scores than HIV- adults. The two groups did not differ on ambition. No relationship was observed between grit and cognition among HIV- adults. Among PLWH, however, higher perseverance of effort and more ambition was related to better global neurocognitive functioning, and higher grit, but not ambition, was related to independence in daily functioning. Longitudinal studies are needed to elucidate these relationships over time and examine whether grit or ambition have protective effects on cognitive outcomes among PLWH.

KEYWORDS:

AIDS; Aging; Cognitive reserve; Functional dependence; Hardiness

PMID:
29455265
PMCID:
PMC6097949
[Available on 2019-10-01]
DOI:
10.1007/s10461-018-2061-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center