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Med Princ Pract. 2018;27(2):139-144. doi: 10.1159/000487760. Epub 2018 Feb 18.

The Relationship between Hypomagnesemia and Pulmonary Function Tests in Patients with Chronic Asthma.

Author information

1
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Ankara Atatürk Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.
2
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul Medeniyet University, Istanbul, Turkey.
3
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Yıldırım Beyazit University, Ankara, Turkey.
4
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Yıldırım Beyazit University, Ankara, Turkey.
5
Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the relationship between serum values of magnesium and the parameters of the pulmonary function tests (PFT) in patients with chronic asthma.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

This study recruited 50 patients with chronic stable asthma and 40 healthy individuals as a control group. Data on age, sex, severity of asthma, PFT, and details of drug therapy were obtained from each group. Serum magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, and sodium levels were also measured. To evaluate differences between groups, the Student t test or Mann-Whitney U test was performed for continuous variables, and the χ2 test for categorical variables.

RESULTS:

In the asthma group, 10% (n = 9) of the patients had hypomagnesemia and 5.5% (n = 5) had hypophosphatemia. Patients with asthma were divided into two groups: the hypomagnesemic group (n = 9) and the normomagnesemic group (n = 41). Forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), FEV1%, peak expiratory flow (PEF), and PEF% were lower in the hypomagnesemic group than in the normomagnesemic group (p = 0.02). Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed a statistically significant association between hypomagnesemia and PFT in the hypomagnesemic asthmatic group. The correlations of age with FEV1, FEV1%, PEF, and PEF% were as follows: p = 0.00, r = 0.29; p = 0.00, r = 0.43; p = 0.03, r = 0.22; p = 0.00, r = 0.38; and p = 0.03, r = 0.22, respectively. The correlation of serum magnesium levels with PFT (FEV1, FEV1%, PEF, PEF%) were as follows: p = 0.001, r = 0.29; p = 0.001, r = 0.43; p = 0.03, r = 0.22; and p = 0.001, r = 0.38, respectively. The other electrolytes were within the normal range in both groups.

CONCLUSION:

In this study, hypomagnesemia and hypophosphatemia were found to be the most common electrolyte abnormalities in patients with chronic stable asthma. FEV1, FEV1%, PEF, and PEF% were significantly lower in asthmatic patients with hypomagnesemia compared to asthmatic patients with normomagnesemia.

KEYWORDS:

Asthma; FEV1; Hypomagnesemia; Hypophosphatemia; Pulmonary function test; β2-agonists

PMID:
29455196
PMCID:
PMC5968247
DOI:
10.1159/000487760
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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