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Rom J Ophthalmol. 2017 Apr-Jun;61(2):112-116.

Eyesight quality and Computer Vision Syndrome.

Author information

1
Surgery II Department, Discipline of Ophthalmology, "Grigore T. Popa" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Iași, Romania; "Sf. Spiridon" Hospital, Iaşi, Romania.

Abstract

The aim of the study was to analyze the effects that gadgets have on eyesight quality. A prospective observational study was conducted from January to July 2016, on 60 people who were divided into two groups: Group 1 - 30 middle school pupils with a mean age of 11.9 ± 1.86 and Group 2 - 30 patients evaluated in the Ophthalmology Clinic, "Sf. Spiridon" Hospital, Iași, with a mean age of 21.36 ± 7.16 years. The clinical parameters observed were the following: visual acuity (VA), objective refraction, binocular vision (BV), fusional amplitude (FA), Schirmer's test. A questionnaire was also distributed, which contained 8 questions that highlighted the gadget's impact on the eyesight. The use of different gadgets, such as computer, laptops, mobile phones or other displays become part of our everyday life and people experience a variety of ocular symptoms or vision problems related to these. Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS) represents a group of visual and extraocular symptoms associated with sustained use of visual display terminals. Headache, blurred vision, and ocular congestion are the most frequent manifestations determined by the long time use of gadgets. Mobile phones and laptops are the most frequently used gadgets. People who use gadgets for a long time have a sustained effort for accommodation. A small amount of refractive errors (especially myopic shift) was objectively recorded by various studies on near work. Dry eye syndrome could also be identified, and an improvement of visual comfort could be observed after the instillation of artificial tears drops. Computer Vision Syndrome is still under-diagnosed, and people should be made aware of the bad effects the prolonged use of gadgets has on eyesight.

KEYWORDS:

Computer Vision Syndrome; eyesight quality; gadgets; ocular congestion; refractive errors

PMID:
29450383
PMCID:
PMC5710018
DOI:
10.22336/rjo.2017.21
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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