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Biomater Res. 2018 Feb 12;22:3. doi: 10.1186/s40824-017-0113-7. eCollection 2018.

Sulfobetaine methacrylate hydrogel-coated anti-fouling surfaces for implantable biomedical devices.

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Department of Molecular Science and Technology, Ajou University, San 5, Woncheon, Yeongtong, Suwon, 16499 Republic of Korea.



Zwitterionic molecules have been widely studied as coating materials for preparing anti-fouling surfaces because they possess strong hydration properties that can resist non-specific protein adsorption. Numerous studies on surface modification using zwitterionic molecules have been investigated, such as electrochemically mediated and photoinitiated radical polymerization. However, these methods have some limitations, including multi-step process, difficulties in producing thick and dense layers as well as the requirement of extra facilities. In this study, we report a novel zwitterionic hydrogel-coating method via Fenton reaction for the preparation of anti-fouling surfaces.


Sulfobetaine methacrylate (SBMA) hydrogel was coated on polyurethane (PU) by polymerization of SBMA molecules via the Fenton reaction. The coated surfaces were characterized by the measurements of water contact angle, SEM and XPS. The anti-fouling properties of the modified surfaces were evaluated by reductions of fibrinogen absorption and cell (human dermal fibroblasts, hDFBs) adhesion.


SBMA hydrogel layers were coated on the PU substrates and these layers have a high affinity for water. The hydrogel coatings were highly stable for 7 days, without a significant change in surface wettability. Importantly, the hydrogel-coated PU substrates decrease 80% of surface-adsorbed fibrinogen and surface-attached hDFBs (compared with uncoated PU substrates), indicating the excellent anti-fouling activities of modified surfaces.


The hydrogel-coated PU surfaces prepared by Fenton reaction with anti-fouling properties could have potential uses for implantable biomedical devices.


Anti-fouling properties; Fenton reaction; Hydrogel; Surface modification; Zwitterions

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Not applicable.All authors consent for publication.The authors declare that they have no competing interests.Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

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