Format

Send to

Choose Destination
BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2018 Feb 15;19(1):58. doi: 10.1186/s12891-018-1969-y.

Prevalence of adolescent physical activity-related injuries in sports, leisure time, and school: the National Physical Activity Behaviour Study for children and Adolescents.

Author information

1
Tampere Research Center of Sports Medicine, UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, P.O. BOX 30, 33501, Tampere, Finland. anu.raisanen@uta.fi.
2
Research Center for Health Promotion, Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland.
3
Tampere Research Center of Sports Medicine, UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, P.O. BOX 30, 33501, Tampere, Finland.
4
Sport Injury Prevention Research Centre, Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.
5
Faculty of Social Sciences, Health Sciences and PERLA (Tampere Centre for Childhood, Youth and Family Research), University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland.
6
Department of Adolescent Psychiatry, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of adolescent physical activity-related injuries in sports club activities, leisure time physical activity and school-based physical activity. The secondary aim was to investigate the differences in the prevalence of physical activity -related injuries between years 2014 and 2016. In addition, we set out to study the associations between age, sex and the frequency of physical activity and injury prevalence.

METHODS:

This cross-sectional study is based on the National Physical Activity Behaviour Study for Children and Adolescents (LIITU in Finnish) conducted in years 2014 and 2016. The subjects completed an online questionnaire in the classroom during school hours. A total of 8406 subjects participated in the current study. Out of these, 49% were boys and 51% were girls. The proportions of 11-, 13-, and 15-year-olds were 35%, 34% and 31%, respectively.

RESULTS:

In the combined data for 2014 and 2016, injury prevalence was higher in sports club activities (46%, 95% CI 44.8-47.8) than in leisure time PA (30%, 95% CI, 28.5-30.5) or school-based PA (18%, 95% CI, 17.4-19.1). In leisure time PA, the injury prevalence was higher than in school-based PA. In all the three settings, injury prevalence was higher in 2016 than in 2014. Frequency of PA was associated with a higher risk for PA-related injuries in sports clubs and leisure time.

CONCLUSIONS:

With half of the subjects reporting at least one PA-related injury during the past year, results indicate that adolescent PA-related injuries are a large-scale problem. There is a worrisome rise in injury prevalence in recent years. From a public health standpoint, there is an urgent need to invest in injury prevention to reverse this trend.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescents; Athletic injury; Injury prevention; Physical activity; Safety; Youth

PMID:
29448928
PMCID:
PMC5815200
DOI:
10.1186/s12891-018-1969-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center