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J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2018 Feb 1;18(2):837-841. doi: 10.1166/jnn.2018.14884.

In-Vitro Mechanical Performance Study of Biodegradable Polylactic Acid/Hydroxyapatite Nanocomposites for Fixation Medical Devices.

Author information

School of Materials Science and Engineering, Pusan National University, Busan, South Korea.
Research and Development Center, Upex.Med Co., Ltd., Anyang, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea.
Department of Advanced Materials Engineering, Chosun University, Gwangju, South Korea.


Osteoconductive, biocompatible, and resorbable organic/inorganic composites are most commonly used in fixation medical devices, such as suture anchors and interference screws, because of their unique physical and chemical properties. Generally, studies on biodegradable composites have focused on their mechanical properties based on the composition and the individual roles of organic and inorganic biomaterials. In this study, we prepared biodegradable organic/inorganic nanocomposite materials using the solvent mixing process and conventional molding. We used polylactic acid (PLA) as the matrix and nano-sized hydroxyapatite (nano-HAp) as the osteoconductive filler. The content of nano-HAp was varied in 0-30 wt% and its influence on the In-Vitro mechanical performance of PLA/HAp nanocomposites was evaluated. The In-Vitro mechanical properties of nanocomposites were evaluated using standardized tensile and flexural tests after different immersion times in simulated body fluid.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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